Simlipal National Park
Simlipal national park originated primarily as a hunting ground for the royalty. It was formally designated a tiger reserve in 1956 under Project Tiger in May 1972. It was elevated to a national park status in 1979. Located in the Mayurbhanj district of India. s coastal state of Orissa, Simlipal is an ecosystem complete with forest vegetation (mainly sal trees), fauna and the adjoining Santhal tribal settlements. High plateaus and hills, the highest peak being the Mangesheri, surround the forest. At least 12 rivers cut across the plain area. The prominent among them are Burhabalanga, Palpala Bandan, Kahairi and Deo. This sprawling forest also has many waterfalls that are a perpetual attraction to the tourist. It has withstood two cyclones. in 1982 and 1999. without any irrevocable damages and continues to enchant visitors.
Major Wildlife attraction in Simlipal
This sprawling ecosystem, thanks to the mega conservation efforts, has close to a 100 tigers. Other mammalian species like leopards, sambhars, langurs, deer, gaur (Indian bison), elephants, antelopes, chitals, chevrotains, wild dog, wild boar, sloth bears, monkeys, hyenas and porcupines are also found here. There are around 230 species of birds in these forests. The ones officially recorded include the red jungle fowl, hill myna, peafowl, alexandrine parakeet, crested serpent eagle, gray hornbill, Indian pied hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill and Indian trogon. Most of these bird species may be spotted in the park. s Newana area. There is a sizable population of reptiles as well, which include snakes and turtles. The population of crocodiles has increased considerably since the inception of the Mugger Management Program.
Other Attraction in Simlipal National Park
Excursions from Simlipal National Park include the temple town of Bhubaneshwar and the former colonial capital of British India, Calcutta. Both destinations have direct air, rail and road links.
Coverage Area - 2,750 sq-kms.
Best Time To Visit Simlipal
The best season to visit Simlipal National Park is from October to mid-June.
How to Get There
Air: Jamshedpur ( 140 km), Bhubaneshwar (350 km) & Kolkata (Calcutta) (240 km) are the Major and nearest airports from Simlipal National Park.
Rail: Jamshedpur ( 140 km), Bhubaneshwar (350 km) & Kolkata (Calcutta) (240 km) are the major Rail Junctions from Simlipal.
Road: Road network and highway links in the area are quite efficient.