Ujjain is known by several names in Vedas and Puranas. It has been known as ‘Avanti’ in ancient Vedas. There is another name ‘Ujjayini’ which emerged in the sutra. The city was also called as Avantika named after King Kartavirya Arjun’s son Avanti. Ujjain was even called as Vishala and Padmavati as it had grand mansions and was very wealthy city.
The city was known for richness of its gardens. In local language of that time, garden wass called ‘Ujjain’ and therefore the city was titled Ujjayini which eventually became Ujjain, the modern name.
In the British period, Ujjain had witnessed industrial and commercial growth as well as the struggle for the freedom. After India got independence, the Shinde regime came to an end and today, Ujjain is a district headquarter in the Central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
How to reach
Indore is the nearest airport from Ujjain which is 55 km away. Indore is connected to major cities in India by flight. There are direct flights from New Delhi, Mumbai, Bhopal, Pune, Hyderabad, Nagpur, Raipur and Ahmedabad.
Another airport near Ujjain is Bhopal which is 172 km away from Ujjain. Bhopal has daily flights to and from New Delhi and Mumbai.
Ujjain railway station is an important station. It has many long distance and direct trains from all parts of India. There are direct trains to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Jodhpur, Jaipur Udaipur, Varanasi, Ahmedabad, Gwalior, Hyderabad, Bangalore, etc. During the period of KumbhMela, trains coming to Ujjain will stop at flag stations which are at a distance of approximately 10-12 km.
Ujjain is well connected by road. Following are distances from important Indian cites.
Distance of Ujjain from Major Cities
- Indore – 50 kms
- Bhopal – 183 kms
- Ahmedabad – 402 kms
- Mumbai – 655 kms
- Delhi – 772 kms
Temperature in Ujjain
- Maximum temperature 39◦c (The hottest months are April to June)
- Minimum temperatur 5◦c (Coolest months are from December to February)